“The summit decried the embarrassing situation of food scarcity and unbridled food inflation in Africa and determined that Africa must set a date to stop importing all manner of food.

“Beyond dealing with enhanced food security, African nations need to adopt new schemes that resolve the trinity of challenges that currently beset agriculture.”

It added, “Explore innovative funding. Mobilise domestic and foreign investments for critical projects.

“Minimise borrowing, prioritise projects and use internally generated resources.

“Start winding down aid and replacing it with trade, and provide incentives for diaspora bonds and investments.

“Deliberately promote gender equity and inclusiveness in African political leadership with a focus on the younger generation and ethically engineered leadership development.

“Create a conducive business environment by simplifying regulations, minimising bureaucracy, and promoting entrepreneurship.”